由于Centos系统为 kdump 服务预留了一部分内存导致服务器内存显示不足实际购买 4G

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# free -m
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:           3789         898         102          35        2788        2540
Swap:             0           0           0
停止kdump服务

停止并禁止自启动

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# systemctl stop kdump.service
[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# systemctl disable kdump.service 
修改grub文件

crashkernel=auto修改为crashkernel=0

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# vim /etc/default/grub 

GRUB_TIMEOUT=5
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="$(sed 's, release .*$,,g' /etc/system-release)"
GRUB_DEFAULT=saved
GRUB_DISABLE_SUBMENU=true
GRUB_TERMINAL="serial console"
GRUB_TERMINAL_OUTPUT="serial console"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="crashkernel=0 console=ttyS0 console=tty0 panic=5 net.ifnames=0 biosdevname=0"
GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"
GRUB_SERIAL_COMMAND="serial --speed=9600 --unit=0 --word=8 --parity=no --stop=1"
生成配置并重启

重启前注意无其他正在进行的工作,以免造成数据丢失

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# reboot
验证

减少了161MB内存

[root@nginx-server logs]# free -m
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:           3950         898        2502          32         550        2792
Swap:             0           0           0
其他

查看底层硬件信息,可以看到这台轻量云 2G 内存的服务器是分配足了 2048M 内存的。

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# dmidecode |egrep "Maximum|Size"
	Runtime Size: 96 kB
	ROM Size: 64 kB
	Maximum Capacity: 4 GB
	Size: 4096 MB
	Range Size: 3584 MB
	Range Size: 512 MB
	Range Size: 3584 MB
	Range Size: 512 MB

Reserving

[root@VM_0_9_centos ~]# dmesg | grep -i memory
[    0.000000] Base memory trampoline at [ffff9f7000099000] 99000 size 24576
[    0.000000] Early memory node ranges
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0x0009f000-0x0009ffff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0x000a0000-0x000effff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0x000f0000-0x000fffff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0xdfffe000-0xdfffffff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0xe0000000-0xfeffbfff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0xfeffc000-0xfeffffff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0xff000000-0xfffbffff]
[    0.000000] PM: Registered nosave memory: [mem 0xfffc0000-0xffffffff]
[    0.000000] Memory: 4024148k/4718592k available (7664k kernel code, 524688k absent, 169756k reserved, 6055k data, 1876k init)
[    0.000000] please try 'cgroup_disable=memory' option if you don't want memory cgroups
[    0.024204] Initializing cgroup subsys memory
[    0.556576] Freeing initrd memory: 18236k freed
[    0.699529] Non-volatile memory driver v1.3
[    0.702670] crash memory driver: version 1.1
[    0.840195] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1876k freed
[    0.845600] Freeing unused kernel memory: 516k freed
[    0.848671] Freeing unused kernel memory: 600k freed
[    1.579629] [TTM] Zone  kernel: Available graphics memory: 2022702 kiB

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分类: Linux